All About Scoliosis, Causes, Signs and Treatments

Scoliosis is a fairly common spinal condition that affects approximately three percent of the United States population. Most patients that have mild scoliosis live normal, functional lives and do not require medical treatment. Those with aggressive forms of scoliosis should be monitored closely by their pediatrician during childhood growth spurts. If there is concern that the scoliosis is worsening, there are several treatments offered to slow down or correct the condition. The following highlights the top five things to know about scoliosis.

PATIENT SUCCESS STORYPediatric Scoliosis

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is defined as a curvature(s) in the spine when looking at the person from the back. These curves may occur for various reasons: some children are born with an abnormal bone in their spine, some children develop the issue during their toddler years and some curvatures may occur when muscles are very tight on one side (cerebral palsy).

Some people with scoliosis have a parent or family member that had scoliosis, however, the majority of scoliosis cases are idiopathic, meaning we do not have a strong understanding of why they occur. Most cases of scoliosis occur during the adolescent growth spurt, which is why the issue is closely monitored during that time.

It’s important to point out that scoliosis is not caused by environmental factors such as playing sports, carrying heavy bags or lying on your side.

Signs of scoliosis

What are signs and symptoms of scoliosis?

Because scoliosis progresses slowly over a few years, and most of those affected do not have any symptoms of back pain or difficulty moving, the issue may easily be missed. Nevertheless, some subtle changes of the body do exist, including:

Uneven shoulders

  • One shoulder blade that sticks out more than the other
  • The front of your chest looks different from right to left
  • Unevenness of the waist or leaning toward one side
  • One hip is higher than the other

If such changes exist and become progressively worse during adolescence, you may want to make an appointment with a pediatrician to have your child checked for scoliosis.

How is scoliosis diagnosed?

A physical exam is the first step in diagnosing scoliosis. During this simple exam, the pediatrician asks the patient to bend at the waist and checks the back for any left/right unevenness. Shoulder and pelvic symmetry are checked also for leg length or other developmental spinal issues.

Scoliosis is usually detected by family members or medical professionals during routine observation. Additionally, annual sport physicals may highlight changes in body shape in the growing child. If your pediatrician confirms signs consistent with scoliosis, your child may be referred for a scoliosis x-ray to check the shape of their spine.

Early detection of scoliosis is important. Recent studies demonstrate that early detection can aid your physician in monitoring the curvature and prevent its progression during the adolescent growth spurt.

What is the treatment for scoliosis?

Treatment plans for scoliosis are determined by the severity of the spinal curve and the potential for that curve to worsen. Factors that influence treatment include age, anticipated future growth and type of scoliosis. When treatment is needed, the primary options are bracing and surgery.

Braces are typically used in growing children whose bones are immature and present with moderate scoliosis. While braces do not cure scoliosis, they prevent further curvature of the spine. Braces are made of custom molded plastic and fitted to the body; they’re extremely streamlined when worn under clothing. They are most effective when worn day and night and can be worn during most activities. Braces are discontinued once a child’s bones stop growing.

Some severe cases of scoliosis may require surgery to halt the progression of the spinal curvature and correct spinal balance. The most common type of scoliosis surgery is spinal realignment and fusion. Modern day techniques are very safe and effective at correcting scoliosis in the growing child.

What is the prognosis for scoliosis?

Prognosis for this condition is generally very good once detected, monitored and treated. Prognosis also depends on the type and severity of the condition. For children and adolescents where the curvature is mild and idiopathic, symptoms are generally tolerable and similar to that of the general population. Moderate or severe cases of scoliosis in children are usually treated successfully with bracing or surgery. It usually does not cause serious complications or reduce life expectancy.

RECENT POSTS
[video] neuromoitoring during llif: the past, present and future – talk with sdsf
[Video] Neuromoitoring During LLIF: The Past, Present and Future – Talk with SDSF
Professionals delve into the intricacies of lateral spine surgery, particularly focusing on neuromonitoring during LLIF techniques aimed at preventing neurological injury during surgery. The experts share personal experiences and case studies to illustrate the challenges in enhancing patient safety and surgical outcomes.
[video] mas® tlif — using a pedicle screw based retractor
[Video] MAS® TLIF — Using a Pedicle Screw Based Retractor
MAS® TLIF — Using a Pedicle Screw Based Retractor Maximum access surgery (MAS®) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is a surgical procedure that was developed to provide spinal stability and help reduce pain in the lower back and lower extremities by using a less disruptive surgical procedure. Learn More about MAS® TLIF here: https://mdashishpatel.com/procedures/
a retrospective review of single-position prone lateral lumbar interbody fusion cases
A Retrospective Review of Single-Position Prone Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion Cases
Restoring Sagittal Spinal Alignment Plan and specifically, whether a hyperlordotic ALIF could be possible due to the bertolotti syndrome.
[video] dr. ashish patel, considering the si joint
[Video] Dr. Ashish Patel, Considering the SI Joint
Dr. Ashish Patel, Orthopaedic spine surgeon, describes why he considers the SI joint in patients who consult with him about their chronic low back, pelvic, buttock and hip pain. If non-invasive treatment is no longer an option, he recommends treatment with minimally invasive SI joint fusion using the iFuse Implant System.
https://mdashishpatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/dr-ashish-patel-1000x677px.jpg
About Dr. Ashish Patel, MD

My training at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York, a leading orthopedic hospital, created a strong desire to educate my patients regarding their neck and back condition, as I believe a well-informed patient can better participate during a joint decision-making process. I am focused on maximizing the overall patient experience and streamlining high-quality spine care for my patients.

Related Posts

Important Disclaimer

The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this web site is for general information purposes only. Dr. Ashish Patel makes no representation and assumes no responsibility for the accuracy of information contained on or available through this web site, and such information is subject to change without notice. You are encouraged to confirm any information obtained from or through this website with other sources, and review all information regarding any medical condition or treatment with your physician.

NEVER DISREGARD PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ADVICE OR DELAY SEEKING MEDICAL TREATMENT BECAUSE OF SOMETHING YOU HAVE READ ON OR ACCESSED THROUGH THIS WEB SITE.

Dr. Ashish Patel does not recommend, endorse or make any representation about the efficacy, appropriateness or suitability of any specific tests, products, procedures, treatments, services, opinions, health care providers or other information that may be contained on or available through this web site.

DR. ASHISH PATEL IS NOT RESPONSIBLE NOR LIABLE FOR ANY ADVICE, COURSE OF TREATMENT, DIAGNOSIS OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION, SERVICES OR PRODUCTS THAT YOU OBTAIN THROUGH THIS WEB SITE.

Individuals’ outcomes may depend on a number of factors, including but not limited to patient characteristics, disease characteristics and/or surgeon experience.

All logos and names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

https://mdashishpatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/md-ashish-patel-_-nass-_-bw.png
https://mdashishpatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/md-ashish-patel-_-aoss-_-bw.png
https://mdashishpatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/md-ashish-patel-_-ao-spine-_-bw.png
https://mdashishpatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/md-ashish-patel-_-hss-_-bw.png
https://mdashishpatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/md-ashish-patel-_-suny-downstate-_-bw.png
https://mdashishpatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/md-ashish-patel-_-srs-_-bw.png

© 2024 MD Ashish Patel. All Rights Reserved.

Privacy    Terms    Disclaimer    Sitemap

© 2024 MD Ashish Patel. All Rights Reserved.