In cases where conservative treatments are inadequate, a number of procedures exist for the alleviation of symptoms. Even so, surgery is not without its risks, and there is always the chance that the condition may prove worse following surgery. Some such procedures routinely performed include:
- Discectomy involves removing part or all of a damaged disc to reduce compression of local structures.
- Spinal Fusion may be performed to stabilize a level from which a disc was removed by permanently fusing the vertebrae together.
- Artificial Disc Replacement replaces the damaged disc with prosthetic one, and is associated with fewer complications than spinal fusion especially in the neck.